How many varieties of coffee are there?

How many varieties of coffee are there today? The number of different varieties that exist in the world is unknown. Ethiopia alone has more than 10,000 accessions collected and growing. Our coffees represent about 2 to 3 dozen varieties, with the exception of those from Ethiopia. Finding new varieties and testing them with our producing partners is one of the many ways we seek to improve our coffees.

Coffee varieties are the various subspecies derived from the selective reproduction or natural selection of coffee plants. While enormous variability is found in both wild and cultivated coffee plants, there are some varieties and cultivars that are commercially important due to several unique and inherent traits, such as disease resistance and fruit yield. These unique traits are what growers use to select breeds when developing crops. Therefore, at the micro level, breed selection is fundamental to a producer's success and is one of the key components of cup quality.

Some varieties are hybrids of the previous species. Do you wonder how many species of coffee are there? There are more than 100, but only two are important for commercial coffee production. Read on to learn more. For any wine fan, seeing a name like Merlot or Pinot Noir is commonplace.

These are not just elegant names assigned at random, but they refer to the grape variety used to make the wine. Both Merlot and Pinot Noir are types of wine, but they have key differences in appearance and taste. You can see coffee in a similar way. The deliberate reproduction of two different individuals resulting in offspring that carry a portion of the genetic material of both parental individuals.

The parental individuals involved in the crossing can be of species that are closely related or of different varieties. The botanical genus, colloquially known as the “genus of coffee”, which consists of more than 120 individual species. Usually these are oppositely leaved evergreen shrubs or small undergrowth trees with a horizontal branching pattern. They contain a pair of seeds, flat on one side and convex on the other, with a groove on the flat side (i.e.

The preferred habitat of most plants of the genus Coffea is tropical forests. After coffee trees in the eastern hemisphere began to die en masse in the late 19th century, affected by the first global coffee rust epidemic, robusta (C. It actually accounts for 60-70% of the coffee produced worldwide, but there are a few other types that are much less common in the United States. It is known to be highly productive and shows resistance to coffee leaf rust and coffee fruit disease (CBD).

This is the variety of coffee you will drink if you drink Kona or Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee. The coffee preparation you enjoy every morning is made from roasted seeds of trees belonging to the botanical genus Coffea. As you walk down the cafe aisle of your local grocery store, you've probably noticed at some point that almost, if not all, bags say “arabica coffee” or “arabica beans” on them. Years later, the Dutch government wanted to give a gift to the king of France and decided that a coffee tree would be a fantastic gift.

Gesha is a variety of Ethiopian coffee that became popular and famous in Central America for its super sweet and complex taste. This is because it actually tastes sweeter and more delicate, and the coffee itself tends to be less acidic. In Colombia, a tax of 6 cents per pound on exported coffee funds the National Federation of Coffee Growers (FNC), one of the largest and most prominent coffee organizations in the world. At the end of the day, if your main interest in a cup of coffee is to receive a daily dose of caffeine, you would probably be just as good to have a standard cup of Robusta and cut the flavor with cream and sugar.

SL28 predates the transfer of the coffee sector to Kikuyu, selected and launched as early as 1931 from a drought-resistant bronze tip variety from Tanganyika (now Tanzania). Part of what makes this coffee so interesting (besides the taste) is that its history has its roots in Ethiopia. Among the reasons why coffee grown in Brazil is so tasty are the wide areas of production and the superior quality of the product. Mokha (or Mocha, Mocca, Mokka, al Mukha, etc.) became the common language for Yemen's coffee in European countries, probably from the 17th century onwards.

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Patrick Draper
Patrick Draper

Total bacon practitioner. Proud coffee expert. Freelance internet maven. Zombie scholar. General bacon specialist. Devoted coffee junkie.