Coffee beans are native to Ethiopia and are harvested from wild coffee trees that offer extreme flavors, as a result of natural mutations over time. Most coffee beans are processed naturally, which has a significant impact on the overall taste of the coffee product. Ethiopian coffee is known for its bright, fruity and floral flavors. These coffees tend to have higher acidity, a light to medium body and complex flavor notes.
Ethiopian beans as a whole are known for their wine quality and bright mouthfeel. They usually have a light to medium body, higher acidity and complex flavor notes. Most coffees in Ethiopia are processed naturally, which means they are dried with the cherry fruit still attached to the coffee bean. This style of processing gives coffee fruity or vinous tones and a bright acidity.
Wet processing is a newer method and fruit is removed. The final cups are clean, floral and complex. Sometime around 850 d. C., a young goatherd named Kaldi used to take his goats to graze in the pastures of Kaffa province.
One day, after eating berries from a nearby bush, the animals began to jump with excitement. Kaldi decided to try some berries himself. He also felt euphoric and full of energy. Ethiopia began exporting coffee in the 15th century.
Somali merchants brought coffee to Yemen, where Sufi mystics drank it so that they could better concentrate on their songs. A couple of centuries later, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church banned coffee altogether. Ethiopians only consumed coffee again at the end of the 19th century thanks to Emperor Menelik II, who himself liked drinking. Ethiopian washed coffees are known for their elegant and complex flavor with floral, herbal and citrus notes.
They are lighter and drier on the palate than naturally processed coffees and have an almost tea-like delicacy. Their body is not too strong and they usually reveal a mild and pleasant acidity. Ethiopian coffee grows mainly in southern mountainous regions with deep, fertile volcanic soils at altitudes up to 8,858 feet. This coffee tends to have a much higher quality and more complex flavor notes than coffees that come from lower elevations.
Because Ethiopia's coffee-producing regions are incredibly varied, flavor profiles differ markedly from region to region, between different microregions and even farms. Located in the west of the country at altitudes of 5,570-7,210 feet above sea level, the Gimbi region is known for its wet-processed coffees. The varieties grown in Gimbi have a heavy body, medium to pointed acidity and a nuanced flavor profile with a fruity finish. Gimbi coffees are an important part of the blends of many roasters, although they can also be gourmet coffees from a single origin.
Ethiopian coffees grow at high elevations, producing a hard and dense grain. Denser beans tend to have more sugars and flavor precursors, which translates into more flavor after roasting. To choose an effective roasting profile, knowing the density of the grain is key. This will determine the charging temperature (among other variables) and help determine the taste of the cup.
Ethiopian beans are unique in many ways. When it comes to roasting, they also seem to play by their own rules. But my favorite Ethiopian coffees come from the Harrar region. Coffee from this region is dry-processed and has strong wine-like characteristics with complex fruit flavors and a rich body.
Ethiopian yirgacheffe is highly regarded for its clean, balanced and smooth flavor profile with hints of berries, nuts, chocolate, lemon and wine. I don't know why, but I really don't like Ethiopian coffee and African coffees in general that I tend to avoid. The consumption of coffee in the United States is largely an individual experience, with cups adapted to taste and enjoyed alone. At the same time, climate change is already showing its negative effects on coffee growing in Ethiopia.
Coffee is poured into small cups with added sugar, and incense is released into the air to drive out evil spirits. And if so, Ethiopian coffee gives us excellent motivation to savor the enduring legacy of its rich history. Confusingly, some Harrar (or Harar) cafes are labeled Mocha Harrar, named for the Red Sea port from which some of the best coffee in the world (including coffee from Yemen) were traditionally shipped. With altitudes between 4,900 and 7,200 feet above sea level, abundant rainfall and optimal temperatures, the region has excellent climatic conditions for growing coffee.
Typical of local beans, coffee offers a large amount of distinct flavor, much of which comes from the floral and sweet aroma, followed by a very present note of peach. Arabica has its origin in Ethiopia and is believed to be the first coffee species to be grown. Ethiopia's Harrar region is located in the eastern highlands and is home to some of the oldest coffee beans still grown. That means about 500 million pounds of coffee for a population of nearly 100 million, a particularly impressive amount, since almost half of the population is under 14 years of age.
At that time, the Netherlands ruled Indonesia, and the island of Java quickly took the lead as the world's largest coffee producer and exporter. Ethiopia is the fifth largest coffee producing nation in the world and the most producing nation in Africa. . .